Breaksea Island is situated in King George Sound, approximately 12km south-east of Albany and covers an area of 255 acres. It is 3km long by 600m at its widest point. The island was declared a nature reserve in 1969 and provides a significant nesting and breeding site for little penguins, flesh-footed shearwaters and great-wing petrels.
The freshwater Lake Seppings is situated approximately 3km east-north-east of Albany CBD, in its own 17.1ha nature reserve and measures 1.1km long and around 400m wide.
Around 20,000 years ago the level of the Southern Ocean was 130m lower than today and the coastline was about 4km from the lake's current shoreline. At some point the sea level rose and the lake became a shallow basin on the sea floor.
About 8,000 years ago, sea levels fell to current levels leaving Lake Seppings 500m from the coastline. The lake was declared a botanic garden in 1888 and temporarily renamed Albany Park in 1900, when it became a designated natural wetland.
Between 1900 and 1972 the west side of the lake was used as a rubbish dump until the Department of Fisheries and Fauna made it a water-fowl reserve. The Noongar name for the lake is Tjuirtgellong - "The place of the long-necked tortoise". The lake has a special significance for Indigenous people who believe it is the footprint of the spirit Djrat who created the south coast of Western Australia.
The lake is an excellent location for birdwatching with more than 100 different species having been recorded in its vicinity. Wading birds such as the Australian white ibis, yellow-billed spoonbill and the white-faced heron are often seen along its margins.
Blue-billed and musk ducks, black swans, hoary-headed grebes, Australian pelicans and Eurasian coots can regularly be seen on the lake’s surface, while spotless crakes, masked lapwings, dusky moorhens, purple swamphens and buff-banded rails can be spotted amongst the vegetation.