Early Days of Settlement

Here are some facsinating news items written in the 1830s during Albany's early days of settlement.

The Perth Gazette reported this story on Thursday, January 24, 1833.
Two Albany natives named Manyat and Gyallepert arrived at Perth on a visit to Yegan and his tribe. Shortly after their arrival Yegan and about ten of his tribe made their appearance, well-armed and welcomed their visitors in an apparently cordial manner. A corroboree was danced, followed by an interchange of names and spears. A trial of skill in throwing the spear took place between Gyallepert and Yegan - the latter struck down a walking stick at a distance of 25 yards. No woman was visible on this occasion. The interview continued for about four hours.
 
The purpose of the conversation, if so it may be termed, is understood to have been (chiefly on the side of Manyat and his companion) a description of their native district a detail of the kind treatment and benefit they had received, from the white people and an exhortation to Yegan and his followers to conduct themselves in a friendly manner to their neighbours. The reply of Manyat and Gyallepert to every inquiry whether they will return to King George's Sound is “By and by go”. The stately air of Manyat, as he paraded the streets with his feather lifter stick, greatly amused the people.
 

The English news of September 1833 stated that Captain Sir Richard Spencer is to be sent to King George's Sound in Western Australia as Governor, with a salary of £1,000 per annum, in addition to his half-pay. This news was partly incorrect, as Sir Spencer subsequently arrived on the ship Buffalo on September 13, 1833, as Government Resident, not Governor, at a salary of £100 per annum, not £1,000, as previously stated.
 
The Spencers, with their nine children and eleven servants, chieflv agricultural labourers, brought out livestock from England, with which to stock their own estate. On their arrival they found 36 people forming the settlement, composed of two or three settlers and their servants and the officers and troops sent there for their protection.

Sir James Stirling arrived at Albany on his return from England by the ship James Pattison on June 19, 1834. Owing to bad weather and a reactionary crew the vessel did not reach Fremantle until August 19. The following passengers landed at Albany: Capt. Cheyne, Mr and Mrs Sherratt and family, Mr Belches; also Messrs. Taylor, Lees, Jackson, Mudie, Watt and Attwood and 30 steerage passengers, including 14 boys from the Society for Promoting Juvenile Emigration.

The Perth Gazette reported on Albany's officials salaries on August 26, 1834.
Assistant Colonial Treasurer Brown, Esq, salary not stated; Government Resident, Sir Richard Spencer, salary £100 per annum; Harbour Master at King George's Sound, P. Belches, salary £100 per annum; Principal Superintendent of Police King George's Sound, Captain Cheyne, salary not stated.
 
The salaries appropriated to the officers on the establishment having been fixed by His Majesty's Treasury upon the understanding that the persons filling them shall use and apply the whole of their time and attention to the furtherance of the public service, it is recommended to those who are desirous of retaining their appointments to set example of diligence and to refrain from expressions of dissatisfaction with the recompense awarded to them, it being, of course, optional with anyone to resign an appointment which may not be commensurate with a just estimate of his abilities.

Among the names of persons purchasing town lots at Albany on September 6, 1834, were the following: Alexander Cheyne, Peter Belches, Thomas Brookes Sherratt, Geo. M. Cheyne, and Mary Ann Spencer. Upset price: Town allotments, one acre or less, £5 each; sub-lots, £2 per acre.

The following paragraph appeared in the Perth Gazette on September 20, 1834.
Lieut. Dale, of the 63rd regiment, is preparing for publication, by subscription, his panoramic view of King George's Sound, which was so much admired for its fidelity. Au eminent engraver (his name has not reached us) was to commence upon the work immediately.

From the Perth Gazette, Saturday, October 11, 1834.
Our intelligence from King George's Sound by the Fanny does not speak very favourably of the progress the settlers are making. We should fear, from what we can learn that the pecuniary resources of the gentlemen who have taken up their residence in that quarter have induced them to disregard the importance of mental and physical exertion in a new country. It is reported they talk of visiting us; we hope they will do so.

The following notice was posted up in the town of Albany on Saturday, October 18, 1834.
Notice having been posted by His Excellency the Governor's direction that the store would not be again opened for the supply of food and as by unforeseen circumstances I have become the holder of the greater part of the provisions in the colony, it is a duty I feel incumbent on me to acquaint the public, that I have provisions sufficient for the supply of the colony for some weeks yet; that it is not my intention to take any illiberal advantage of being the only holder of provisions for sale. I will not raise the price above what it is at present: bread 6d lb, fine flour 8d, seconds 6d lb, beef 6d. Persons having fine flour must take an equal quantity of seconds. I am the public well-wisher, T. B. Sherratt, King George's Sound, October 18, 1834.

The Perth Gazette reported this story on February 28, 1835.
The Jess, having passed King George's Sound in a heavy storm, will return to that port with a passenger, Mr Lovett of Hobart Town who is furnished with the necessary equipment for an extensive whaling establishment at the Sound. Rumour states that this gentleman is about to join Mr Dring, who proceeded some short time ago for the neighbourhood of the Sound on a sealing trip and Mr Sherratt, a gentleman already settled there. The experience of Mr Lovett, who is pronounced to have been one of the first headsmen engaged in the whale history out of Hobart Town, argues favourably for their undertaking and as capital is not wanting, to pursue the scheme to a favourable issue.
 
We are disposed to prognosticate that this establishment will prove a valuable acquisition to the colony, as well as a great source of wealth to the parties engaged in it. They may rest assured they have our hearty good wishes that their enterprise may prove successful.

 

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