Colonel Bauson's Pamphlet
The following is from a pamphlet written by a Colonel Bauson for his friends in England and dated January 26, 1833. Bauson was very taken with Albany and you get the impression that he wrote this piece specifically to encourage others to emigrate and take up land in Albany.
I should mention that on Breaksea Island there are a vast number of European dogs, evidently the products of being left there by ships passing through. How they manage to subsist themselves is difficult to conceive, but there they certainly are and if a ship coasting along the shore fires a shotted gun she will be speedily answered by the loudest barking.
There cannot be the slightest doubt in my opinion that King George Sound possesses local advantages far superior either to New Holland or Van Diemen’s Land. After it attains anything like comparative respectability as a settlement, it will, I air confident, supersede the whole of the Australian countries east of it.
Let any man of common sense examine a map of Australia, he will see at once the geographical superiority of its position, either as respects India or Europe. It is so completely within reach of Cape Leeuwin that a breeze of a few hours will secure a passage round this only difficulty, a ship may then go away with a flowing sheet to any part of our possessions in the East Indies. If you want a harbour, where can you obtain one more complete as to safety than at King George's Sound?
It is in many respects superior to the Derwent at Hobart Town, for the entrance being narrow, the shores might be fortified to resist any invading maritime force, and these fortifications would be again commanded by heights in their immediate vicinity.
If you want climate, I maintain that the climate of King George's Sound is equal to any climate in the world. As a sanitorium for India, it would be invaluable. The weather is neither so bleak, so boisterous, or so trying to the constitution as that of Van Diemen’s Land and yet it is far cooler than the climate of Sydney, particularly during the summer months, the hot test period of which never raises the thermometer above 74 degrees. The range whilst I was there during the month of November was from 70 to 73 degrees.
One of the objections to Swan River and King George's Sound is the poorness of the earth in the immediate vicinity of these places. This fact I grant to a certain extent at Swan River, though I have proved that it is capable of producing every sort of excellent vegetables for a family as fine as in any part of the world, but this I altogether deny at King George's Sound, as in the immediate neighbourhood of the town there is the richest soil imaginable - soil that has given the most abundant crops wherever its richness has been tried.
In short, they may say what they please of the relative value of these different Australian settlements, but there is one fact which I wish from my heart it was in my power to deny, rather than to assert, and that is, the liberal prejudice obtained against my friends at the Swan River whenever I heard them spoken of at Van Diemans Land. One man told me that the whole country of WA was a desert of sand, another man with defeated commiseration lamented the land of the unfortunate wretches, who were doomed to starvation there, and a third assured me that he spoke of the pioneers of the soil from personal observation.
You might just as well judge the richness of an inland country town in England by the bleak downs on the sea coast near Brighton - the attitude of the Eastern States towards WA has not changed from that time up to now.